Equipment Glossary Acknowledgements


Site Map
Introduction
Section 1
Brewing Your First Beer With Malt Extract
1 A Crash Course in Brewing
2 Brewing Preparations
3 Malt Extract and Beer Kits
4 Water for Extract Brewing
5 Hops
6 Yeast
7 Boiling and Cooling
8 Fermentation
9 Fermenting Your First Beer
10 What is Different for Brewing Lager Beer?
11 Priming and Bottling
Section 2
Brewing Your First Extract and Specialty Grain Beer
Section 3
Brewing Your First All-Grain Beer
Section 4
Formulating Recipes and Solutions

 

 

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Chapter 5 - Hops

5.3 Hop Types

Bittering Hop Varieties

Name:

Brewer's Gold

Grown:

UK, US

Profile:

Poor aroma; Sharp bittering hop.

Usage:

Bittering for ales

AA Range:

8 - 9%

Substitute:  

Bullion, Northern Brewer, Galena

  

Name:

Bullion

Grown:

UK (maybe discontinued), US

Profile:

Poor aroma; Sharp bittering and black currant-like flavor when used in the boil.

Usage:

Bittering hop for British style ales, perhaps some finishing

AA Range:

8 - 11%

Substitute:

Brewer's Gold, Northern Brewer

  

Name:

Centennial

Grown:

US

Profile:

Spicy, floral, citrus aroma, often referred to as Super Cascade because of the similarity; A clean bittering hop.

Usage:

General purpose bittering, aroma, some dry hopping

Example:

Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale, Sierra Nevada Bigfoot Ale

AA Range:

9 - 11.5%

Substitute:

Cascade, Columbus

  

Name:

Challenger

Grown:

UK

Profile:

Strong, fine spicy aroma widely used for English Bitters; A clean bittering hop.

Usage:

Excellent bittering hop, also used for flavoring and aroma.

Example:

Full Sail IPA, Butterknowle Bitter

AA Range:

6 - 8%

Substitute:

Progress

  

Name:

Chinook

Grown:

US

Profile:

Heavy spicy aroma; Strong versatile bittering hop, cloying in large quantities

Usage:

Bittering

Example:

Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale, Sierra Nevada Stout

AA Range:

12 - 14%

Substitute:

Galena, Eroica, Brewer's Gold, Nugget, Bullion

  

Name:

Cluster

Grown:

US, Australia

Profile:

Small, spicy aroma; Sharp, clean bittering hop

Usage:

General purpose bittering (Aussie version has a better aroma and is used as finishing hop)

Example:

Winterhook Christmas Ale

AA Range:

5.5 - 8.5%

Substitute:

Galena, Eroica, Cascade

  

Name:

Columbus

Grown:

US

Profile:

Strong fine herbal flavor and aroma; Solid, clean bittering hop

Usage:

Excellent general purpose bittering, flavoring and aroma hop.

Example:

Anderson Valley IPA, Full Sail Old Boardhead Barleywine

AA Range:

13-16%

Substitute:

Centennial, Chinook, Galena, Nugget

  

Name:

Eroica

Grown:

US

Profile:

Good bittering hop;

Usage:

Good general purpose bittering

Example:

Ballard Bitter, Blackhook Porter, Anderson Valley Boont Amber

AA Range:

12-14%

Substitute:

Northern Brewer, Galena

  

Name:

Galena

Grown:

US

Profile:

Strong, clean bittering hop

Usage:

General purpose bittering

Example:

The most widely used commercial bittering hop in the US.

AA Range:

12 - 14%

Substitute:

Cluster, Northern Brewer, Nugget

  

Name:

Northern Brewer

Grown:

UK, US, Germany (called Hallertauer NB), and other areas (growing region affects profile greatly)

Profile:

Hallertauer NB has a fine, fragrant aroma; Dry, clean bittering hop

Usage:

Bittering and finishing for a wide variety of beers

Example:

Old Peculiar (bittering), Anchor Liberty (bittering), Anchor Steam (bittering, flavoring, aroma)

AA Range:

7 - 10%

Substitute:

Perle

  

Name:

Northdown

Grown:

UK

Profile:

Similar to Northern Brewer, but with a better flavor and aroma than domestic NB; A clean bittering hop.

Usage:

General purpose bittering, flavor and aroma for heavier ales.

Example:

Fuller's ESB

AA Range:

7 - 8%

Substitute:

Northern Brewer, Target

  

Name:

Nugget

Grown:

US

Profile:

Heavy, spicy, herbal aroma; Strong bittering hop

Usage:

Strong bittering, some aroma uses

Example:

Sierra Nevada Porter & Bigfoot Ale, Anderson Valley ESB

AA Range:

12 - 14%

Substitute:

Galena, Chinook, Cluster

  

Name:

Perle

Grown:

Germany, US

Profile:

Pleasant aroma; Slightly spicy, almost minty, bittering hop

Usage:

General purpose bittering for all lagers

Example:

Sierra Nevada Summerfest

AA Range:

7 - 9.5%

Substitute:

Northern Brewer, Cluster, Tettnanger

  

Name:

Pride Of Ringwood

Grown:

Australia

Profile:

Poor, citric aroma; Clean bittering hop

Usage:

general purpose bittering

Example:

Most Australian beers.

AA Range:

9 - 11%

Substitute:

Cluster

  

Name:

Target

Grown:

UK

Profile:

Strong herbal aroma can be too strong for lagers; A clean bittering hop.

Usage:

Widely used bittering and flavoring hop for strong ales.

Example:

Fuller's Hock, Morrells Strong Country Bitter

AA Range:

8 - 10%

Substitute:

Northdown


Figure 29: Cascade Hops on the vine.

The next group are common examples of Aroma hops. Aroma hops can be used for bittering also, and many homebrewers swear by this, claiming a finer, cleaner overall hop profile. I like to use Galena for bittering and save the good stuff for finishing. But making these decisions for yourself is what homebrewing is all about.

There is a category of aroma hops, called the Noble Hops, that is considered to have the best aroma. These hops are principally four varieties grown in central Europe: Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Tettnanger Tettnang, Spalter Spalt, and Czech Saaz. The location a hop is grown has a definite impact on the variety's character, so only a Tettnanger/Spalter hop grown in Tettnang/Spalt is truly noble. There are other varieties that are considered to be Noble-Type, such as Perle, Crystal, Mt. Hood, Liberty, and Ultra. These hops were bred from the noble types and have very similar aroma profiles. Noble hops are considered to be most appropriate for lager styles because the beer and the hops grew up together. This is purely tradition and as a homebrewer you can use whichever hop you like for whatever beer style you want. We are doing this for the fun of it, after all.

Aroma Hop Varieties

Name:

British Columbia (BC) Goldings

Grown:

Canada

Profile:

Earthy, rounded, mild aroma; Spicy flavor

Usage:

Bittering, finishing, dry hopping for British style ales. Used as a domestic substitute for East Kent Goldings. Not quite as good as EK.

AA Range:

4.5 - 7%

Substitute:  

EK Goldings

 

 

Name:

Cascade

Grown:

US

Profile:

Strong spicy, floral, citrus (i.e. grapefruit) aroma.

Usage:

The defining aroma for American style Pale ales. Used for bittering, finishing, and especially dry hopping.

Example:

Anchor Liberty Ale & Old Foghorn Barleywine, Sierra Nevada Pale Ale

AA Range:

4.5 - 8%

Substitute:

Centennial

 

 

Name:

Crystal a.k.a. CJF-Hallertau.

Grown:

US

Profile:

Mild, pleasant, slightly spicy. One of three hops bred as domestic replacements for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.

Usage:

Aroma/finishing/flavoring

AA Range:

2 - 5%

Substitute:

Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Mount Hood, Liberty, Ultra

 

 

Name:

East Kent Goldings (EKG)

Grown:

UK

Profile:

Spicy/floral, earthy, rounded, mild aroma;

 

spicy flavor

Usage:

Bittering, finishing, dry hopping for British style ales

Example:

Young's Special London Ale, Samuel Smith's Pale Ale, Fuller's ESB

AA Range:

4.5 - 7%

Substitute:

BC Goldings, Whitbread Goldings Variety

 

 

Name:

Fuggles

Grown:

UK, US, and other areas

Profile:

Mild, soft, grassy, floral aroma

Usage:

Finishing / dry hopping for all ales, dark lagers

Example:

Samuel Smith's Pale Ale, Old Peculiar, Thomas Hardy's Ale

AA Range:

3.5 - 5.5%

Substitute:

East Kent Goldings, Willamette, Styrian Goldings

 

 

Name:

Hallertauer Hersbrucker

Grown:

Germany

Profile:

Pleasant, spicy/mild, noble, earthy aroma

Usage:

Finishing for German style lagers

Example:

Wheathook Wheaten Ale

AA Range:

2.5 - 5%

Substitute:

Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal, Ultra

 

 

Name:

Hallertauer Mittelfrüh

Grown:

Germany

Profile:

Pleasant, spicy, noble, mild herbal aroma

Usage:

Finishing for German style lagers

Example:

Sam Adam's Boston Lager, Sam Adam's Boston Lightship

AA Range:

3 - 5%

Substitute:

Hallertauer Hersbruck, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal, Ultra

 

 

Name:

Liberty

Grown:

US

Profile:

Fine, very mild aroma. One of three hops bred as domestic replacements for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.

Usage:

Finishing for German style lagers

Example:

Pete's Wicked Lager

AA Range:

2.5 - 5%

Substitute:

Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Hallertauer Hersbruck, Mt. Hood,

 

Crystal, Ultra

 

 

Name:

Mt. Hood

Grown:

US

Profile:

Mild, clean aroma. One of three hops bred as domestic replacements for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.

Usage:

Finishing for German style lagers

Example:

Anderson Valley High Rollers Wheat Beer

AA Range:

3.5 - 8%

Substitute:

Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Liberty,

 

Tettnang, Ultra

 

 

Name:

Progress

Grown:

UK

Profile:

Assertive fruity aroma

Usage:

Widely used for real cask ales.

Example:

Hobson's Best Bitter, Mansfield Bitter

AA Range:

5 - 6%

Substitute:

Fuggles, Whitbread Goldings Variety

 

 

Name:

Saaz

Grown:

Czechoslovakia

Profile:

Delicate, mild, floral aroma

Usage:

Finishing for Bohemian style lagers

Example:

Pilsener Urquell

AA Range:

2 - 5%

Substitute:

Tettnang, Spalt, Ultra (some would claim there is no substitute)

 

 

Name:

Spalt

Grown:

Germany/US

Profile:

Mild, pleasant, slightly spicy

Usage:

Aroma/finishing/flavoring, some bittering

AA Range:

3 - 6%

Substitute:

Saaz, Tettnang, Ultra

 

 

Name:

Styrian Goldings

Grown:

Yugoslavia (seedless Fuggles grown in Yugoslavia),

 

also grown in US

Profile:

Similar to Fuggles

Usage:

Bittering/finishing/dry hopping for a wide variety of beers,

 

popular in Europe, especially UK.

Example:

Ind Coope's Burton Ale, Timothy Taylor's Landlord

AA Range:

4.5 - 7

Substitute:

Fuggles, Willamette

 

 

Name:

Tettnang

Grown:

Germany, US

Profile:

Fine, spicy aroma

Usage:

Finishing for German style beers

Example:

Gulpener Pilsener, Sam Adam's Oktoberfest, Anderson Valley ESB, Redhook ESB

AA Range:

3 - 6%

Substitute:

Saaz, Spalt, Ultra

 

 

Name:

Willamette

Grown:

US

Profile:

Mild, spicy, grassy, floral aroma

Usage:

Finishing / dry hopping for American / British style ales

Example:

Sierra Nevada Porter, Ballard Bitter, Anderson Valley Boont Amber, Redhook ESB

AA Range:

4 - 7%

Substitute:

Fuggles

 

 

Name:

Whitbread Goldings Variety (WGV)

Grown:

UK

Profile:

Flowery, fruity, a cross between Goldings and a Fuggle.

Usage:

Often combined with other varieties in Bitters

Example:

Whitbread Best Bitter

AA Range:

4 - 5%

Substitute:

Progress, Fuggles, EKG

 

 

Name:

Ultra

Grown:

US

Profile:

Very fine, mild, spicy with floral notes

Usage:

Excellent finishing hop for Pilsner and German style lagers.

Example:

(too new)

AA Range:

2-5%

Substitute:

Any Noble hop, Crystal, Liberty, Mt. Hood

Previous Page Next Page
Hops
5.0
What Are They?
5.1
How Are They Used?
5.2
Hop Forms
5.3
Hop Types
5.4
Hop Measurement
5.5
Hop Bittering Calculations
Real Beer Page

Buy the print edition
Appendix A - Using Hydrometers
Appendix B - Brewing Metallurgy
Appendix C - Chillers
Appendix D - Building a Mash/Lauter Tun
Appendix E - Metric Conversions
Appendix F - Recommended Reading

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All material copyright 1999, John Palmer